The Seljuk Han of Anatolia
post-renovation photo of lateral view from north (2009 photo courtesy of Iain McCulloch)
Lateral view from north
View of main portal showing stalactite vault
Niche inside of main portal, showing high-relief sculptures of winged angels
Central aisle of covered section showing lantern dome
Side aisle vaults of covered section
This han is located in the village of Susuzköy, about 2 miles to the east off of the Antalya-Burdur Road. It lies 1000 m to the right of the road, south of a brick factory.
1244-46 (by stylistic analysis)
Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev II
Covered with open courtyard (COC)
Covered section smaller than courtyard
Covered section with a middle aisle and 2 aisles on each side
5 bays of vaults
The han faces east, perpendicular to the road. Despite its small size, this is an impressive han. Its portal is one of the most interesting of all the Seljuk hans.
At the present time it is a square building, with a dome in the center of the three vaults. It is believed that there was on open courtyard in the front which is no longer in existence. The han may have been unfinished and left incomplete.
There is no inscription plaque over the hall door, although there appears to be a place for it.
Of excellent stonework, the exterior is fortified with octagonal tower-like buttresses. Impressive features include the cone-shaped lantern turret with a grooved roof rising in the cross-section of the vaults, the decoration of the gateway, and the regular stone masonry.
The high-quality stonework of the portal is impressive, and is similar to
the Ak Han in appearance. It consists of a door
with a high pointed arch and an elaborate frame decorated by arrows and
braid work, similar to the rich decoration seen on the sultan hans.
Calligraphic and vegetal patterns dominate the decorative scheme. The
spandrels of the lateral niches of the portal are decorated with
radiating figures of winged angels cut in high relief. These unusual angel sculptures
are famous features of this han. The angels hold a roundel that was
probably once an armorial symbol, but has since eroded effaced. Over the arch
surmounting the niche are figures of serpents holding small human heads in their
mouths. Other decorative elements include arabesques, dragons, human figures, rope
bands, and swastikas.
Total area: 860 m2
Area of hall: 690 m2
STATE OF CONSERVATION, CURRENT USAGE
This han has been repaired and is in good condition. It is an impressive han to visit due to the elaborate portal. There are apparently plans to convert it into a tourism business. The han was totally restored in 2009-2009 with the addition of a fluted dome that does not appear to be a part of the Seljuk decorative canon.
Acun, pp. 272-285 (includes extensive bibliography in Turkish); 462; 464-65; 526.
Altun, p. 200.
Bektaş, pp. 62-63.
Erdmann, pp. 111-114, no. 30.
Ertuğ, p. 80.
Karpuz, Kuş, Dıvarcı and Şimşek (2008), vol. 1, pp. 219-20.
Rice, p. 206.
Unsal, p. 49.
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